Biomedical waste management is waste that contains infectious material. This type of waste is usually generated from treatment, immunization, and diagnosis. There are two forms of biomedical waste which are either in solid form and liquid one. There are some best examples that are suited for biomedical waste, and these are waste sharps, animal tissue, bandage, gloves, laboratory waste, and needles.
Different Types of Biomedical Waste
According to world health organization, the biomedical waste is categorized in different forms and categories such as:
- Infectious Waste: Under infectious waste, all the material comes which is either infectious or contaminated.
- Sharps: Sharps waste is the one which contains objects like razors, broken glasses, needles, and scalpels.
- Genotoxic Waste: This includes all the drugs and toxic and hazardous waste material.
- Chemical Waste: Chemical waste includes waste which is either in the form of machines, disinfectants, and batteries.
- Pathological Waste: This type of waste is in the form of unused drugs, creams, and medicine that are expired.
- Radioactive Waste: It is something that contains waste items that is in the form of radioactive material.
- General Waste: General waste includes all the waste items which are non-hazardous.
How to Manage Bio-Medical Waste?
For managing bio-medical waste, it is highly recommended to go under a bio-medical waste management system. They are professional and experienced, through which you will get complete guidance on how to manage all such things.
For better management, it is best for hospitals and nurseries to use color-coded bins, and for this, a variety of options are available such as using a yellow, red, blue, and black bins.
- Yellow Bin
In a yellow bin, you can contain biomedical waste, which is in the form of chemical waste, solid waste, discarded linen, anatomical waste, laboratory, and medicinal waste.
- Red Bin
Under the red bin, you will see all the waste which is in contaminated.
- Blue Bin
Blue bin generally require those elements, which is glass waste and in the form of metallic implants.
- Black Bin
This bin includes the entire waste item which is highly infected and hazardous.
What Are the Effects of Biomedical Waste?
The common effects of biomedical waste are that it causes diseases and several human health issues. Also, there are some common types or viruses, which are listed as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. these types of viruses spread all over the world, and the main reason behind this is improper treatment. It is caused because of using contaminated syringes and needles.
If the BMW is thrown randomly, then it may infect the surrounding and easily spread among humans and animals. It is best to use technology and equipment which completely dispose of the waste.
Technologies Used for Treating BMW
The technologies used for treating BMW include certain things, which are listed as land disposal, incineration, chemicaldisinfection, microwave irradiation, etc. By using this technology, it will become much more convenient for hospitals and nurseries to dispose of all medical waste.